political economist
innovation researcher

about

I am a political economist researching sustainability innovation and policy for long-term socio-technical transformations. I focus on complex innovation systems at the intersection of clean-tech and artificial intelligence. These so-called multi-technology innovations tap into various policy domains and span across different economic networks and industries, especially in the energy and mobility sectors. My work combines insights from innovation studies, political economy, and policy analysis. I have been a consultant for projects related to green technologies, innovation policy, and industrial strategy.

Currently, I am a researcher and Ph.D. candidate at the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy at University College London (UCL STEaPP), fully funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Science Research Council. At UCL, I also teach on the MPA programme and co-supervise Master's projects. I hold a B.Sc. from the London School of Economics and an M.Phil. from the University of Oxford, where I was a member of St. Antony's College. I speak English, German, Spanish, reasonable French and Portuguese, and some Russian. For queries regarding collaborations, consultancy, or details about my CV, please contact me directly.

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projects

 

political economy of innovation

research project

Innovation does not occur in isolation. Innovation systems are embedded in a wider political and economic context, which shapes the input into the system, stakeholder preferences and capabilities, and the interdependencies between them. To understand how contextual factors affect innovation outcomes, I rely on an analytic framework that distils the technological, sectoral, geographic, political, and macroeconomic preconditions and assesses their impact on the innovation system as blocking and inducing mechanisms. Combined, understanding the systemic embedding of innovation (systems) allows governments and companies to better design intervention strategies, to grasp and capitalise on spill-over effects, and to estimate unintended consequences. Such context factors are particularly important for socio-technical innovations, for example, to achieve better environmental sustainability.

complex innovation systems

research project

Innovation is a highly complex phenomenon. The more sophisticated socio-technical innovations are, the more stakeholders tend to be involved – across the industry, academia, government, and society. Mission-oriented innovation (policy), i.e. cross-sectoral and cross-jurisdictional approaches to solve a particular problem, often result in so-called multi-technology innovations. These technologies are in themselves complex compilations of multiple sub-components and sub-systems. Examples include smart grids, autonomous vehicles, or smart agriculture technologies. Governing such innovations creates coordination challenges across the innovation network and stakeholders. Understanding how coordination failures can be resolved to accelerate the advancement of the innovation system is the goal of this project. The research focuses on complex mobility solutions and on energy systems.

implementing innovation policy

research project

Innovation policy is the government’s way to shape innovation, tilt the playing field, and define the direction of future socio-technical trajectories. An increasingly employed approach advocates for mission-oriented policies, i.e. policies that focus on a solution rather than a sector or technology to bring about significant socio-economic change. This project extends the initial mission-oriented innovation policy approach and analyses how such policies can be implemented in practice. The state is not a unitary actor and its organisations have different interests, capacities, and capabilities. The ‘TIS+’ framework introduced in this project defines the role of public sector organisations in innovation systems and shows that networked approaches are best apt to adapt to the challenges emanating from complex innovation.

autonomous mobility futures

research project

Connected autonomous vehicles (AVs) are considered a mobility solution of the future that resolves many transport and environmental problems cities face today. At the same time, they are a prime example of a multi-technology innovation that includes several industry sectors, involves countless stakeholders, and affects various policy and regulatory domains. I ask to what extent AVs can satisfy these expectations, whether they can really contribute to a smarter, more efficient, and sustainable mobility system, and how policies or regulations can shape and coordinate the innovation of this technology. Relying on network analyses and a system-based approach, I cross-compare the development and impact of AVs in three highly innovative economies: Singapore, Estonia, and Sweden.

renewable energy transitions

research project

Ensuring the transition towards sustainability without vitiating economic prosperity is a key debate, especially in emerging markets. Achieving large-scale transformations across the economy necessitates new business models and socio-technical innovations. These rely on incentive structures, economic opportunities, available capacities, and policies that regard a large sustainability transition as a long-term and holistic 'mission'. In this project, I focus on renewable energy technologies and the energy transition in emerging economies by analysing the trajectories and trends in the energy market in Brazil. I assess the role of incumbent firms, the potential of newly established start-ups, and the power of existing policies and regulatory frameworks.

sustainable aviation

research project collaboration

The transport sector, in general, and the aviation industry, in particular, are principal sources of greenhouse gas emissions responsible for global climate change. The COVID-19 global pandemic poses an additional, challenging crossroads for the aviation sector. In this project, we investigate to what extent a transition to sustainability is feasible in this sector, whether it is economically viable, and which avenues – politically, economically, and technologically – could be pursued. We employ a systemic approach and focus especially on alternative aviation fuels, on the one hand, and on behavioral changes of operations and companies, on the other. We also discuss why the transition scholarship should pay attention to aviation – a topic thus far under-researched in this field.

publications

Kopp, A.P. (forthcoming). Networked Transitions: Policy Coordination in Complex Innovation Systems. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy, University College London.

Kopp, A.P. (under review). The Role of Public Organisations in Innovation Systems: a New Analytic Approach 'TIS+'.

Kopp, A.P. (under review). Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation: a Comparative Case Study of Autonomous Vehicle Governance in Highly Innovative Economies.

Tzachor, A. and Kopp, A.P. (under review). Considering Sustainability Transitions as an Economic Development Theory - Possible Theoretical and Practical Benefits.

Habersetzer, A., Kopp, A.P., and Schwäbe C. (in preparation). Sustainable Aviation Fuels and Their Impact on the Transition of the Aviation industry.

Kopp, A.P. (in preparation). Coordinating Innovation - Innovating Coordination: a Systematic Review.

 
 

research gallery

 

talks, conferences

& workshops

Guest Lecture, Master of Public Administration (MPA), University College London

London (UK), November 2020

Lecture: Coordinating Innovation through Policies and Networks

 

Invited Talk, Innovation Studies Group, Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development

Utrecht (The Netherlands), September 2020

Talk: ’TIS+’ or the Role of Public Administrations in Mission-Oriented Innovation Systems

11th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Vienna (Austria), August 2020

Paper: Designing and Implementing Transitions – Public Administrations in Innovation Systems

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Systems –  Governance of Autonomous Vehicles

Paper: Transitions in the Aviation Industry: a Technological Innovation System Perspective (co-authored)

European Forum for Studies of Politics for Research and Innovation Conference

Utrecht (The Netherlands), June 2020

Paper: Policy Coordination in Innovation Systems - the Role of Public Administrations in Governing Emerging Technologies

5th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Zurich (Switzerland), May 2020

Paper: Governing Multi-Technology Innovation - Policy Coordination Strategies for Autonomous Vehicles

2020 Convention of the International Studies Association

Honolulu (USA), March 2020 (conference cancelled)

Paper: Governing Socio-Technical Innovation Systems - Policy Coordination Strategies for Sustainability

4th International Conference of Public Policy

Montreal (Canada), June 2019

Panel (Chair): The Design and Organisation of Innovation Policy

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Policy

10th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Ottawa (Canada), June 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Sweden

4th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Lisbon (Portugal), May 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Singapore

Innovation Growth Lab Winter Research Workshop, NESTA

London (UK), December 2018

9th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Manchester (UK), June 2018

Paper: Policy Capacities for Sustainable Technological Innovation

University Sustainability Alliance Conference, Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin (Germany), April 2018

Poster: Coordination Capacity for Mission-Oriented Innovation

Leadership in Action Workshop, University College London

London(UK), January 2018

Innovation Measuring and Modelling Summer School, Utrecht University

Utrecht (Netherlands), August 2017

Centre of Innovation and Energy Demand Summer School, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), July 2017

Economic Networks Summer School, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford

Oxford (UK), June 2017

Innovation Growth Lab Global Conference, NESTA

Barcelona (Spain), June 2017

Science Policy Research Unit PhD Forum, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), May 2017

Innovation in the Industrial Strategy Workshop, Royal Academy of Engineering

London (UK), March 2017

Interdisciplinarity and Co-production PhD Workshop, University College London

London (UK), November 2016

European Consortium of Political Research Workshop, King's College London

London (UK), June 2015

Brazilian Association of Political Science Convention

Brasilia (Brazil), August 2014

 

news & media

featured researcher at ucl digital policy lab

Recently, I have been featured at UCL STEaPP's Digital Technologies and Policy Lab, where I speak about my research and future projects.

academic conferences in crisis mode - a verdict

My new blog post for the UCL STEaPP blog highlights how conferencing has changed in times of a global pandemic, what is good about this, and what not so much, and why early career academics are hit especially hard.

Newspapers

academia and twitter

I regularly use twitter to inform about my research, to enage with colleagues and experts on topics I work on, and to inform myself about the newest developments in my academic fields and beyond. I invite you to follow me on @AndyPKopp and find out for yourself, how enriching the social media platform can be!

founding host for video podcast 'steapp chat'

Our new video-podcast series features collegues from UCL and highlights their research, policy engagement, or consultancy projects across the entire spectrum of digital policy, infrastrucutre, sustainbility, science advice, and more. Check out our Youtube channel!

book recommendation april 2021:

'mission economy'

Mariana Mazzucato (2021)

London, UK: Allan Lane

We are facing some pretty big challenges globally: climate change, pollution, health crises, poverty, and more. Approaching these problems through 'missions' can help governemnts to re-organise political, economic, and innovation systems such that we all benefit, Mazzucato claims. An insightful and bolstering read for trying times and a handbook for policymakers, entrepreneurs, and scholars alike ...

 

contact

University College London

Dept of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy

 

Shropshire House

11-20 Capper Street

London, WC1E 6JA

United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 3108 6490

andreas.kopp.16 [at] ucl.ac.uk

@AndyPKopp

write to me

© 2021 by Andreas P. Kopp

background image: night view in Singapore (Kopp, 2016)

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