political economist
innovation researcher


I am a political economist specialising in innovation policy for emerging technologies. I focus on complex innovation systems and policies affecting long-term, transformative, and value-creating technologies at the intersection of clean-tech and artificial intelligence, so-called multi-technology innovation. My work combines insights from innovation studies, public administration, and political economy. Recently, I acted as a consultant on projects related to innovation policy, green technologies, and industrial strategy.

Currently, I am a researcher and PhD candidate at the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy at University College London (UCL STEaPP), fully funded by the EPSRC, where I also teach 'Public Administration'. I hold a Bachelor of Science from the London School of Economics and a Master of Philosophy from the University of Oxford, where I was a member of St. Antony's College. For queries regarding collaboration, consultancy, or details about my CV, please contact me directly.

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multi-technology innovation

The main theme of my doctoral research project is 'multi-technology challenges'. These concern issues where socio-economic problems are intended to be solved by technologies, which are in themselves complex compilations of multiple sub-systems. Examples include smart energy, autonomous vehicles, or smart agri-tech. Because such innovations involve multiple stakeholders in large networks and aim at improving life for society, these become political issues as well. Hence, I investigate how policy can coordinate the development and innovation of such multi-tech solutions, making them more efficient and environmentally friendly, accelerating their development, and ultimately, making them more socially beneficial. This work, hence, combines insights from innovation studies, public administration, and political economy.

sustainability transitions

Enhancing economic prosperity often stands in direct contradiction to promoting environmental sustainability. Coalescing both goals requires a trade-off and a new way of thinking. Investigating how a transition towards sustainability can be achieved in a way that does not vitiate economic prosperity is the goal of this project, which feeds into some of my other research projects. A 'transition' implies a large scale transformation across the economy, with new business models, but also innovative technologies. Both rely on incentive structures and policies that regard this large sustainability transition as a long-term and holistic 'mission'.

autonomous vehicles

A main part of my doctoral research project focuses on analysing the development and innovation of connected autonomous vehicles (CAV). Since CAVs comprise the car technology itself, sensors and infrastructure, but also the aspect of connectivity and communication (with other cars, infrastructure, and other obstacles), this is an ideal example of a multi-technology challenge. I investigate how policy can coordinate the innovation network of autonomous vehicles, including stakeholders that might have different interests, to make the process more efficient, faster, and more beneficial to society. I use a mixed method triangulation approach and provide an in-depth analysis of two cases in Sweden and Singapore.

innovation complexity

Innovation is a highly complex phenomenon - complex because it includes many different component parts, such as actors and institutions, with different priorities, that all independently of each other evolve over time. Understanding the structure and the interdependencies of this network is the goal of this project. This is important because before we change such a network, we have to grasp the underlying complexity of it, ensuring that policies only have their intended effect. 

aviation transition

The transport sector, in general, and the aviation industry, in particular, are one of the main sources of green house gas emissions responsible for global climate change. In this project, we investigate to what extent a transition to sustainability of the aviation sector is possible, which avenues - technologically and politically - should be pursued, and why the transition scholarship should pay attention to it. I conduct this project jointly with Antoine Habersetzer (Bauhaus Luftfahrt) and Carsten Schwäbe (FU Berlin).

industrial strategy

Industrial strategies define the direction into which economies develop - not just their policies, but also technologies and behaviour. This project takes a comparative approach to analyse the industrial strategies of several advanced economies - among others the UK and Germany - to investigate to what extent their policies are environmentally and econmically sustainable, mission-oriented, cross-sectoral, and, therefore, long-term value creating. This project is based on a consulting project for the UK Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng).

conferences & workshops

11th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Vienna (Austria), August 2020

Paper: Designing and Implementing Transitions – Public Administrations in Innovation Systems

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Systems –  Governance of Autonomous Vehicles

Paper: Transitions in the Aviation Industry: a Technology Innovation System Perspective (co-authored)

European Forum for Studies of Politics for Research and Innovation Conference

Utrecht (The Netherlands), June 2020

Paper: Policy Coordination in Innovation Systems - the Role of Public Administrations in Governing Emerging Technologies

5th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Zurich (Switzerland), May 2020

Paper: Governing Multi-Technology Innovation - Policy Coordination Strategies for Autonomous Vehicles

2020 Convention of the International Studies Association

Honolulu (USA), March 2020 (conference cancelled)

Paper: Governing Socio-Technical Innovation Systems - Policy Coordination Strategies for Sustainability

4th International Conference of Public Policy

Montreal (Canada), June 2019

Panel (Chair): The Design and Organisation of Innovation Policy

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Policy

10th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Ottawa (Canada), June 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Sweden

4th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Lisbon (Portugal), May 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Singapore

Innovation Growth Lab Winter Research Workshop, NESTA

London (UK), December 2018

9th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Manchester (UK), June 2018

Paper: Policy Capacities for Sustainable Technological Innovation

University Sustainability Alliance Conference, Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin (Germany), April 2018

Poster: Coordination Capacity for Mission-Oriented Innovation

Leadership in Action Workshop, University College London

London(UK), January 2018

Innovation Measuring and Modelling Summer School, Utrecht University

Utrecht (Netherlands), August 2017

Centre of Innovation and Energy Demand Summer School, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), July 2017

Economic Networks Summer School, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford

Oxford (UK), June 2017

Innovation Growth Lab Global Conference, NESTA

Barcelona (Spain), June 2017

Science Policy Research Unit PhD Forum, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), May 2017

Innovation in the Industrial Strategy Workshop, Royal Academy of Engineering

London (UK), March 2017

Interdisciplinarity and Co-production PhD Workshop, University College London

London (UK), November 2016

European Consortium of Political Research Workshop, King's College London

London (UK), June 2015

Brazilian Association of Political Science Convention

Brasilia (Brazil), August 2014


news & media

featured researcher at ucl digital policy lab

Recently, I have been featured at UCL STEaPP's Digital Technologies and Policy Lab, where I speak about my research and future projects.

founding host for video podcast 'steapp chat'

Our new video-podcast series features collegues from UCL and highlights their research, policy engagement, or consultancy projects across the entire spectrum of digital policy, infrastrucutre, sustainbility, science advice, and more. Check out our Youtube channel!

book recommendation may 2020:

the black swan

Nassim Nicholas Taleb (2010)

New York, US: Random House

In times of a global pandemic, reading about the "impact of the highly improbable" is eye opening and makes you wonder about the world on a whole different level ...



University College London

Dept of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy


Shropshire House

11-20 Capper Street

London, WC1E 6JA

United Kingdom

020 3108 6490

andreas.kopp.16 [at] ucl.ac.uk



© 2020 by Andreas P. Kopp

background image: Views in Singapore (Kopp, 2016)

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