political economist
sustainability innovation researcher


I am a political economist researching sustainability innovation and policy affecting long-term socio-technical change at the intersection of clean-tech and artificial intelligence. I focus on complex innovation systems, so-called multi-technology innovations, that tap into various policy domains and span across different economic networks, especially in the energy and mobility sectors. My work combines insights from innovation studies, political economy, and policy analysis. I have been a consultant for projects related to innovation policy, green technologies, and industrial strategy.

Currently, I am a researcher and PhD candidate at the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy at University College London (UCL STEaPP), fully funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Science Research Council. At UCL, I  teach 'Public Administration' and co-supervise Master's projects. I hold a Bachelor of Science from the London School of Economics and a Master of Philosophy from the University of Oxford, where I was a member of St. Antony's College. I speak English, German, Spanish, reasonable French, and some Portuguese. For queries regarding collaboration, consultancy, or details about my CV, please contact me directly.

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multi-technology innovation

PhD project

The main theme of my doctoral research project is 'multi-technology challenges'. These concern issues where socio-economic problems are intended to be solved by technologies, which are in themselves complex compilations of multiple sub-systems. Examples include smart energy, autonomous vehicles, or smart agri-tech. Because such innovations involve multiple stakeholders in large networks and aim at improving life for society, these become political issues as well. Hence, I investigate how policy can coordinate the development and innovation of such multi-tech solutions, making them more efficient and environmentally friendly, accelerating their development, and ultimately, making them more socially beneficial. This work, hence, combines insights from innovation studies, public administration, and political economy.

innovation complexity

PhD project

Innovation is a highly complex phenomenon because it includes many different component parts, such as actors and institutions with different interests and priorities that all evolve over time, and it affects social, economic, technological, and behavioral dynamics simultaneously. This is the case, for example, in knoweldge networks, for science policy, technology transfer, or technology regulation. Before governments change such networks, we have to grasp the underlying complexity of it, ensuring that policies only have their intended effects. Hence, understanding the structure and the interdependencies of these innovation networks is the goal of this project, where I focus on energy system innovation and environmental policies.

autonomous vehicles

PhD project

Connected autonomous vehicles (AV) are hyped as a mobility solution of the future resolving many of the transport and environmental problems cities face today. At the same time, they are a prime example of a multi-technology innovation that affects various policy and regulatory domains, which often results in a governance challenge. I ask to what extent AV can satisfy these expectations and how policies or regulations shape and coordiante the innovation of the technology. Relying on a system analysis approach, I cross-compare the policies and the development of AV innovation in Singapore, Estonia, and Sweden.

aviation transition

research project

The transport sector, in general, and the aviation industry, in particular, are one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions responsible for global climate change. In this project, we investigate to what extent a transition to sustainability of the aviation sector is possible, which avenues - technologically, economically, and politically - chould be pursued, and why the transition scholarship should pay attention to it. We focus especially on alternative fuels, on the one hand, and on behavioral changes, on the other. I conduct this project jointly with Antoine Habersetzer (Bauhaus Luftfahrt) and Carsten Schwäbe (FU Berlin).

energy transitions

research project

Enhancing economic prosperity often stands in contradiction to promoting environmental sustainability - coalescing both requires a new way of thinking. Investigating how a transition towards sustainability can be achieved in a way that does not vitiate economic prosperity is the goal of this project. A 'transition' implies a large scale transformation across the economy with new business models and innovative technologies. Both rely on incentive structures and policies that regard a large sustainability transition as a long-term and holistic 'mission'. Here, I focus on renewable energy technologies and the energy transition in emerging market economies.

green industrial policy

research project

Industrial strategies define the direction into which governments hope that the economy will develop. This project takes a comparative approach to analyse the industrial strategies of several advanced economies - among others the UK and Germany - to investigate to what extent their policies are environmentally and econmically sustainable, mission-oriented, cross-sectoral, and, therefore, long-term value creating. This project is based on a consulting project for the UK Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng) and is conducted with colleagues from the University of Cambridge.


Kopp, A.P. (forthcoming). Networked Transitions: Policy Coordination in Mission-Oriented Innovation Systems. PhD Thesis, Department of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy, University College London.

Kopp, A.P. (under review). The Role of Public Administrations in Innovation Systems.

Kopp, A.P. (under review). Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation: a Comparative Case Study of  Autonomous Vehicle Governance.

Kopp, A.P. (in preparation). Coordinating Innovation - Innovating Coordination: a Review.


research gallery


talks, conferences

& workshops

Invited Talk, Innovation Studies Group, Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development

Utrecht (The Netherlands), September 2020

Talk: ’TIS+’ or the Role of Public Administrations in Mission-Oriented Innovation Systems

11th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Vienna (Austria), August 2020

Paper: Designing and Implementing Transitions – Public Administrations in Innovation Systems

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Systems –  Governance of Autonomous Vehicles

Paper: Transitions in the Aviation Industry: a Technology Innovation System Perspective (co-authored)

European Forum for Studies of Politics for Research and Innovation Conference

Utrecht (The Netherlands), June 2020

Paper: Policy Coordination in Innovation Systems - the Role of Public Administrations in Governing Emerging Technologies

5th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Zurich (Switzerland), May 2020

Paper: Governing Multi-Technology Innovation - Policy Coordination Strategies for Autonomous Vehicles

2020 Convention of the International Studies Association

Honolulu (USA), March 2020 (conference cancelled)

Paper: Governing Socio-Technical Innovation Systems - Policy Coordination Strategies for Sustainability

4th International Conference of Public Policy

Montreal (Canada), June 2019

Panel (Chair): The Design and Organisation of Innovation Policy

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Policy

10th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Ottawa (Canada), June 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Sweden

4th Network of Early Career Researchers in Sustainability Transitions Conference

Lisbon (Portugal), May 2019

Paper: Coordinating Multi-Technology Innovation Towards Sustainability - a Case Study from Singapore

Innovation Growth Lab Winter Research Workshop, NESTA

London (UK), December 2018

9th International Sustainability Transitions Conference

Manchester (UK), June 2018

Paper: Policy Capacities for Sustainable Technological Innovation

University Sustainability Alliance Conference, Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin (Germany), April 2018

Poster: Coordination Capacity for Mission-Oriented Innovation

Leadership in Action Workshop, University College London

London(UK), January 2018

Innovation Measuring and Modelling Summer School, Utrecht University

Utrecht (Netherlands), August 2017

Centre of Innovation and Energy Demand Summer School, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), July 2017

Economic Networks Summer School, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford

Oxford (UK), June 2017

Innovation Growth Lab Global Conference, NESTA

Barcelona (Spain), June 2017

Science Policy Research Unit PhD Forum, University of Sussex

Brighton/Falmer (UK), May 2017

Innovation in the Industrial Strategy Workshop, Royal Academy of Engineering

London (UK), March 2017

Interdisciplinarity and Co-production PhD Workshop, University College London

London (UK), November 2016

European Consortium of Political Research Workshop, King's College London

London (UK), June 2015

Brazilian Association of Political Science Convention

Brasilia (Brazil), August 2014


news & media

featured researcher at ucl digital policy lab

Recently, I have been featured at UCL STEaPP's Digital Technologies and Policy Lab, where I speak about my research and future projects.

academic conferences in crisis mode - a verdict

My new blog post for the UCL STEaPP blog highlights how conferencing has changed in times of a global pandemic, what is good about this, and what not so much, and why early career academics are hit especially hard.


academia and twitter

I regularly use twitter to inform about my research, to enage with colleagues and experts on topics I work on, and to inform myself about the newest developments in my academic fields and beyond. I invite you to follow me on @AndyPKopp and find out for yourself, how enriching the social media platform can be!

founding host for video podcast 'steapp chat'

Our new video-podcast series features collegues from UCL and highlights their research, policy engagement, or consultancy projects across the entire spectrum of digital policy, infrastrucutre, sustainbility, science advice, and more. Check out our Youtube channel!

book recommendation october 2020:

the art of political framing

Hans de Bruijn (2019)

Amsterdam, NL: Amsterdam University Press

As the US elections are approaching, chaotic debates and promising arguments shape the news cycles around the world. How do politicians actually try to convince us? And why do we believe them? Learning about 'political framing' was eye-opening! 



University College London

Dept of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Public Policy


Shropshire House

11-20 Capper Street

London, WC1E 6JA

United Kingdom

+44 (0)20 3108 6490

andreas.kopp.16 [at] ucl.ac.uk


write to me

© 2020 by Andreas P. Kopp

background image: night view in Singapore (Kopp, 2016)

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